by S. L. MacGregor Mathers, originally published 1888.
Tears, Affliction, Grief, Sorrow.
Passing Success, Momentary Advantage.
by Arthur Edward Waite, originally published 1910.
A prostrate figure, pierced by all the swords belonging to the card.
Whatsoever is intimated by the design; also pain, affliction, tears, sadness, desolation. It is not especially a card of violent death.
Advantage, profit, success, favour, but none of these are permanent; also power and authority.
by A. E. Thierens, originally published 1930.
Tears, affliction, plaints, complaints, sadness, desolation, sorrow.
Advantage, profit, favour. “But none of these are permanent,” says W.— Power, might, usurpation, authority.
Theory & Astrological Associations
The element of Earth on the Tenth house: Capricorn, of course relates to authority and earthy might or power, and we do not see why this should be only in a ‘reversed’ position. With regard to religion this is the mother-church (compare: Capricorn the ‘married woman’ or the mother), the materialisation of dogma and creed in a building, a church, chapel, monastery. In the secular line it may be any official building or office and, relating to persons, any official or public authority under the civil law. The card represents material necessity and the limits and corner-stones which it erects. It is ultimately the card of inexorable karmic results, say material karma itself. To the profane this means very often affliction, etc., and the personality may be burdened by the weight of fate. The image of this card seems to suggest this specially. On the other hand tradition is certainly not wrong in stating that it may represent gain and profit, as the card of karma will bring the full measure of material things in general and not only in the way of tragedy. Profit and advantage, however, may also become oppressive and its possibility must be considered here.
Karmic results, whether benefic or malific; material limits, physical necessity; authority, official might and power, obedience to the same; official persons. The mother-church, monastery, etc. Affliction, sadness, etc. In good cases due reward and honest profit, merited position. Possession may become a curse. Fate may lay low the personality. The card is not very benefic for the parents of the querent, or he himself does not much esteem them. It relates to his position in the world.