by S. L. MacGregor Mathers, originally published 1888.
Widowhood, Loss, Privation, Absence, Separation.
A Bad Woman, ill-tempered and bigoted, Riches and Discord, Abundance together with Worry, Joy with Grief.
by Arthur Edward Waite, originally published 1910.
Her right hand raises the weapon vertically and the hilt rests on an arm of her royal chair the left hand is extended, the arm raised her countenance is severe but chastened; it suggests familiarity with sorrow. It does not represent mercy, and, her sword notwithstanding, she is scarcely a symbol of power.
Widowhood, female sadness and embarrassment, absence, sterility, mourning, privation, separation.
Malice, bigotry, artifice, prudery, bale, deceit.
by A. E. Thierens, originally published 1930.
Widowhood, female sadness, privation, absence, sterility, poverty, vacancy, unemployment, mourning, separation.
Bad woman, malice, bigotry, prudishness, hypocrisy, artifice, deceit.
Theory & Astrological Associations
The female rulership of the element of Earth on the house of Taurus, in which the Moon is exalted and ‘womanhood eternal’ is contained. The house of money, in worldly affairs. So this card must mean either woman ruling by matter, material or magnetic attraction, purely physical charm, or ruled by material elements herself. The latter may be seen as: ruled by the desire of luxury and money, or as: overpowered by material difficulties, weighed down under the burden of a material world. A woman of Saturnian and Martian qualities is seldom charming unless in a purely physical and sexual way; there may be higher virtues, however, which in this case will be developed by suffering, such as chastity, severity, continence—from which it will be easily seen, that sterility, privation and mourning may derive, personally. Astrologically the Martian and Saturnian qualities are seldom found to be very ‘benefic’ for women, being very often signs of an unpleasant character or injured reputation. On the one hand this card may be a woman under affliction and severed from her natural protector or protection—widow, divorced, separated, though not the unmarried; on the other hand we have to see in this card the woman who is paid for her ‘love,’ and the fact that “woman costs money,” a fact of more occult significance than the world at large understands. It is indicated in the commandment of JHVH that ‘man’ should till the soil (Taurus) after the loss of the paradisical state. So this card has to do with the material necessity of married life, with peasantry and husbandry and economical exploitation. Well aspected, it may indicate art in general and sometimes wealth after assiduous struggle and toil.
Suffering, afflicted woman, widow, divorced or separated; or woman of a lower sort of character, hateful, spiteful, paid love, deception in love; material stress, heavy expenses, burdening; also exploitation, peasantry, possibility of wealth after enduring toil. In many cases it means sterility, privation. Only strong characters can stand this card. To weak characters it is full of menace and may cause grief, mourning, failure in the face of the hardship of life and unemployment. It may mean the absence of woman where she is wished for or desired. It warns against the evil influence of a woman.